Data on the internet

The sun never sets on the creation of new data, since even during your night – even if fewer emails are sent, fewer videos are watched or fewer files are uploaded to the cloud – on the other side of the world the data is boosted much stronger.

Through an infographic prepared by Domo we can peek into the dizzying abyss of the amount of new data that comes to light every minute through several different platforms and technologies, using information corresponding to the United States. There, every sixty seconds, 4,416,720 GB of data is used, 188,000,000 emails are sent or 18,100,000 texts are sent.

That’s not all: 390,000 applications are downloaded per minute, Giphy serves up to 4,800,000 gifs and Neflix users play 694,444 hours of video content at the same time.

Attending to the most popular social networks, Instagram users publish 277,777 stories, YouTube users see 4,500,000 videos, tweeters publish through the 511,200 microblogging network and Skype users make 231,840 calls.

The thing does not stop there: Airbnb reserves 1,389 accommodations per minute in the US, 9,772 Uber trips are taken, Tinder users swipe 1,400,000 times and Google does 4,497,420 searches.

The previous statistics are already amazing, but consider that the global total of Internet users continues to grow by approximately 9%. This means that the current data creation rate is still scratching the surface of its maximum potential.

In fact, as the recent We Are Social report on Internet use reveals, 367 million new Internet users were added between January 2018 and January 2019, further evidence of the gigantic power of Big Data or the needs of regulation and privacy for users.

The global Internet penetration stands at 57% in 2019, which means that billions of people will use the same previous services, including many others that do not yet exist. Welcome to the era of Big Data.

Precisely, a bubble filter is, as its name implies, that universe that surrounds us when performing our searches, as a result of the customization and algorithm mechanisms, which select the results according to the information previously provided by the user. The Internet giants use our personal data – the products we have searched, the political trends we see or the websites we consume – to adjust our browsing.

In this way, the bubble filter is the result of a personalized search for which past clicks, search history or geographical location of the user have been taken into account. In this way, two phenomena occur: on the one hand, we move away from that information with which we do not sympathize or that does not match our views and isolate ourselves in that cultural and ideological bubble, since only content adjusted to Our preferences and interests.

Thus, the use of the network as a tool for empowerment, criticism and exposure of diversity is wasted, a negative side of which Eli Pariser warns and that “makes us more closed to new ideas, matters and important information”, making results invisible and generating the impression that there is nothing beyond our limited interests.

Domain Management Organizations

As you have seen, ICANN is at the top of the administrative pyramid of Internet domains.

ICANN is a non-profit organization that manages the assignment and administration of domains and guarantees that they are not repeated in any case.

However, ICANN only directly manages a certain type of generic domains, the gTLDs.

The so-called ccTLD domains (the acronym for Top-Level Domain Domain) are managed by non-profit organizations in each country and supervised by ICANN, which act as a sponsoring or promoting agency.

Since the domain extension fulfills a structuring function, there are some limits and conditions for using one or another domain extension.

There are Generic general-purpose domains that are directly managed by ICANN and that, although they were initially restricted to a specific activity, can now be used freely regardless of the theme of your website. Some examples of this type of domains are .com, .net, .org, etc.

There are also restricted Generic domains. These types of domains are also managed by ICANN, but to use them, a series of rules must be met.

For example, the .biz extension (business in English) cannot be used by private users, only by companies or businesses.

Some domains managed by sponsoring or promoting agencies also impose certain restrictions to grant some of the domains they administer.

For example, the .cat extension can only be used when the web activity takes place in Catalonia or its theme is related to the Catalan culture or language.

Failure to comply with the restrictions for domains imposed by these sponsoring or promoting agencies or by ICANN can lead to the cancellation of the domain and users would no longer find you on the network.

ICANN has recently allowed the registration of new domain extensions per activity, so you can find more than 1,400 new extensions such as .futbol, ​​.viajes, .web, .tienda, etc.

This opens a new range of possibilities to choose and register your domain.

Applying for a domain cannot be easier.

It will be enough to access the website of a domain registrar accredited as 1 & 1.

Then, use your domain search engine to choose a domain name that helps your visitors find you on the network and select an appropriate domain extension based on the theme, location or purpose of your website.

Then check if the domain name is available or has already been registered. If you are already registered you will not be able to use it, so you should try again with another domain name or change the extension.

The registry administration entity (ICANN or sponsoring territorial entities) is responsible for setting the base price that the domains will have.

From that base price, each accredited domain registrar adds the costs of carrying out the registration management and domain maintenance services that can be included.

For this reason you will find different prices depending on the type of domain extension chosen and the registrar.

History of Internet domains

To know the origin of domain names we must go back to the tender youth of the Internet, when it received the name of ARPANET and was formed by just a handful of interconnected computers.

Before using this domain system, all ARPANET computers were registered in a file called hosts.txt that synchronized on all the computers that were part of the network. That way everyone knew everyone’s addresses.

They soon discovered that this system was inefficient and decided to centralize the file on a single server, a fact that soon after, and as ARPANET was growing, it would not be too successful either as continuous synchronization errors occurred.

Given this situation, engineers Paul Mockapetris and Jon Postel proposed to create a domain name system that would be administered by the US Department of Defense.

This system would allow you to associate previously registered domain names with IP addresses of connected computers in a simpler way.

That was the seed of what would later become the Internet and that basically maintains the same concept today.

Following this new organization by domain names, domain extensions were added that would allow cataloging and better structuring the use made of the different domains.

Thus, in 1985 six domain extensions began to be used that are still valid today: .com (commerce), .net (network infrastructure), .org (organizations), .gov (government and public entities), .mil ( US Department of Defense) and .edu (education services).

Anatomy of domain names
Domain names consist of two parts: name and domain extension.

The name is the one that really identifies you to your visitors. This should be easy to remember and relate to your business.

It can be your name, the name of your business, or any name or phrase that can be related to the theme of your website. In the case of this portal, the name would be computerhoy.

If the choice of a domain name for your website is important, its domain extension is not less important since the same domain name can have several different extensions such as,,, etc. .

On the extension of the domain or top-level Domain, as this part of the domain is technically known, the most administrative part falls since it is the one that determines the correct cataloging and structuring of the Internet.

The extensions must be consistent with the activity of the website or with its geographical location and must be approved by the regulatory body that administers them called ICANN (acronym in English of the Internet Corporation for the Assignment of names and numbers of Domains).

These administrative procedures have to be done by domain name registrars, who are accredited companies before ICANN and represent you to carry out all the procedures so that the domain you have chosen can begin to function.

What is an Internet domain?

One of the first steps when starting your web project will be to register a domain. But what are domains and what are they for? Don’t worry, you won’t have to buy a “virtual land”, or become a feudal lord. Next, we tell you all about the domains.

When you start any project on the Internet, you will start to come across words and concepts that you probably do not have very clear about its function or its usefulness: Domain registration, domain extensions, hosting services, web design, etc.

From we will try to shed some light on this complicated, but at the same time interesting, issue. But let’s go step by step. At the moment, discover the importance of one of them: Internet domains.

What is a domain?
Simplifying it a lot, the domain would be the unique and exclusive name assigned to your website on the Internet. It would be something like the equivalent of the license plate of your car, but applied to your website.

Thanks to the domain that you have linked to your website, those users who search for you on the Internet by the name of your website will easily find you and will be able to access your content.

The domain is used to “humanize” the Network and make navigation easier and more accessible to people.

We assume that you will find it easier to remember, for example, the domain than the twelve digits that an IP address can contain multiplied by the dozens of portals and web pages you visit daily.

Obviously, operation at a technical level is somewhat more complex than that, since what is really behind a domain name is an address to a DNS server (the acronym for Domain Name System), than to its Once linked to the IP address of the computer where the files that make up your web page are hosted, thus creating a link between the domain name that users type in their browser to find you and your web page.

That is, if for example, you have your web page hosted in a free hosting service, and you want to improve the performance of your web page by changing it to a company that offers you servers with better performance, you will only have to migrate the files of your web to the new service and configure the domain to point to the address of the new server. But your domain name will remain exactly the same for those who look for you on the Internet.